The most common form of periodontal disease is due to the chronic inflammation that is caused by an accumulation of bacterial tartar and plaque in the in the tissues that surround the teeth. These irritants can destroy the gum tissue and even the bone structure and ligaments that stabilize the teeth. However, there are other forms of periodontal disease, some of which are related to health problems or bite problems.

The type of periodontal disease (also called gum disease) and the severity of the condition can vary significantly in different individuals. As such, the treatment methods for this disease can also vary accordingly. Our dental team can perform a periodontal evaluation for you, followed by a recommendation for the appropriate treatment solution.

Periodontal Disease: Signs and Symptoms

  • Red, bleeding, or tender gums
  • Loose teeth or teeth that do not feel strong
  • Widening spaces or gaps between the teeth
  • Persistent or unmanageable bad breath
  • Pus or a bad taste from the teeth and gums
  • Receding or irregular gumline
  • Visible plaque or tartar buildup along the gumline

Periodontal Disease Treatment Solutions

The earliest stage of periodontal disease, known as gingivitis, can sometimes be controlled with a thorough dental cleaning and an improved home maintenance strategy.

The more advanced stages of the disease may require an extensive periodontal cleaning such as scaling and root planing. Often referred to as a deep cleaning, this procedure may be performed under local anesthesia in one section of the mouth at a time. Scaling and root planing is designed to eliminate the toxins and irritants along the gumline and the roots of the teeth in order to halt tissue damage and promote healing.

Periodontal surgery can be performed after the scaling and root planing procedure for the most severe forms of periodontal disease.

Your Periodontal Consultation

To assist you in improving your oral health, we must first perform a complete periodontal evaluation. To schedule a consultation and to find out which treatment choices are most appropriate for you, please contact our office today.

Common Questions

Periodontal disease is inflammation in the gum tissue that supports the teeth. This progressive condition results in more serious symptoms as it advances. The earliest stage, gingivitis, causes the gums to become red or swollen, and some bleeding may be noticeable when gingivitis is present. If left untreated, gingivitis will become periodontitis, in which pockets may form between the gums and the teeth or the gum tissue may begin to recede. Eventually tooth and bone loss can occur in the most serious cases of periodontal disease.

Good oral hygiene habits are essential to keeping your oral bacteria in check and therefore reducing your risk of developing periodontal disease. Be sure that you are brushing twice a day and flossing daily using proper technique. Home care alone is not a sufficient safeguard against gum disease, though. You also need to follow up with your dentist at least twice a year for professional cleanings and exams. This care also is an important tool in your fight against oral bacteria. Smoking causes inflammation in all of the body’s tissues, including the gums, so kicking this habit can also help to prevent periodontal disease.

The bacteria found in that sticky film that clings to your teeth – dental plaque – are the primary cause of gum disease. Those bacteria attack the gum tissue, and the resulting inflammation causes the symptoms described above. So, if you can minimize the presence of oral bacteria, you can reduce your chances of gum disease. Other factors seem to be associated with an increased risk of gum disease, including genetics, smoking and hormonal changes. Some diseases, like diabetes, also seem to correspond with an increased likelihood of gum disease, although the exact mechanism involved is unclear.

Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease. It is marked by symptoms including redness, swelling or bleeding in the gums. Typically, gingivitis responds to a thorough professional cleaning, so if you notice the symptoms of gingivitis, it’s important to get treatment as soon as possible. If you delay treatment, your gum disease can advance and cause more severe symptoms, such as gum recession or even tooth loss. More advanced stages of gum disease require more intensive and invasive treatment.